The [Origin] of the Periodic Table, Transitional Metals and Ormus
The Periodic Table is one of the most important, yet fascinating elements in chemistry.
It helps us understand how atoms are arranged and interact with each other; it also serves as a model for understanding atomic structure.
In this article I want to explore why certain elements are placed where they appear on the table- what might have been their origin? How did we come up with such an intriguing idea in 1869 when Dmitri Mendeleev first published his theory? What was going on then?
We also explore the importance of the transition and Platinum Group metals and their relationship to Ormus.
So, let’s get to it.
What is the periodic table?
The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, arranged by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. The structure of the table shows periodic trends.
The seven rows of the table, called periods, generally have metals on the left and nonmetals on the right. The columns, called groups, contain elements with similar chemical behaviours. In general, within one group, elements in the same column have similar properties; elements in different columns tend to behave differently.
What are the origins of the periodic table?
Dmitri Mendeleev is considered the “father” of the periodic table according to the Royal Society of Chemistry. In 1868, Mendeleev wrote a book titled “Principles of Chemistry” which dealt with just eight elements at the time. However, he correctly predicted the properties of dozens of other elements and arranged them in what is now known as the periodic table.
Mendeleev’s goal was to create a system that would allow for the prediction of the properties of unknown elements based on their position in the table.
Interestingly, Mendeleev’s original periodic table only had eight sections and he used two different strategies to organize those particular elements. However, with the addition of 55 more chemical elements, it became clear that he needed to find a new way to sort them.
So, he started writing property values for each element on cards and increased atomic weights as he noticed certain types of elements regularly appearing in his lab specimens. This allowed him to create a well-ordered table that could predict the properties of unknown elements.
Mendeleev’s genius was in seeing patterns that others didn’t. When he noticed that certain types of elements (like those with the same atomic weight but different chemical properties) kept appearing together, he decided to group them by their number of valence electrons, or the electrons in the outermost shell. He called these groups metals and nonmetals.
While Mendeleev is often credited with its creation, it should be noted that he was not the first to attempt to organize the elements in this way. In fact, there were several other scientists working on similar projects at around the same time as Mendeleev.
The modern periodic table is based on the work of chemist Henry Moseley. In 1913, Moseley showed that the atomic number, rather than the atomic mass, is the fundamental property that determines the chemical properties of an element.
How are the elements arranged on the periodic table?
The elements on the periodic table are arranged according to their atomic structure. The elements in the first column, called the “s-block,” have their outermost electrons in an s orbital. The elements in the second column, called the “p-block,” have their outermost electrons in a p orbital. The elements in the third column, called the “d-block,” have their outermost electrons in a d orbital. Finally, the elements in the fourth column, called the “f-block,” have their outermost electrons in an f orbital.
The s-block and p-block elements are arranged by increasing atomic number. The d-block and f-block elements are also arranged by increasing atomic number, but with a twist: within each block, the elements are grouped according to how many of that element’s outermost electrons are in that particular block’s orbital type.
In other words, within each block, the element with the lowest number of outermost electrons is always listed first.
Different isotopes of the same element can have different numbers of neutrons; an element can also gain or lose electrons to become charged, in which case it is referred to as an ions.
This arrangement makes it easy to predict how certain Elements will behave chemically because Elements with similar electron configurations tend to behave similarly.
What do the symbols on the periodic table represent?
The majority of the abbreviations for the elements are drawn from Greek and Latin, along with a variety of other historic roots. As an illustration, the word for gold in Latin is aurum, and the symbol for gold on the Periodic Table, Au, is derived from the first two letters of its Latin name.
The chemical element Mercury is represented on the table by the symbol Hg, which originates from the Latin phrase hydragyrum, which literally translates to “liquid silver.” Due to the fact that its discovery occurred during a solar eclipse, the chemical element Helium (represented by the symbol He) was given its name after Helios, the Greek god of the sun.
Latin is generally regarded as the language of choice among the scientific community; however, due to the fact that many elements were discovered long before the concept of naming standardization’s, not all abbreviations are derived from Latin.
How do the elements in the periodic table interact with one another?
The elements in the periodic table interact with one another in a variety of ways. Some of these interactions are chemical, while others are physical.
Chemical interactions between elements occur when the atoms of one element bond with the atoms of another element. This can happen through ionic bonding, covalent bonding, or metallic bonding. Ionic bonding occurs when one atom donates an electron to another atom, resulting in a positive and negative ion that are attracted to each other. Covalent bonding occurs when two atoms share electrons, and metallic bonding occurs when electrons flow freely between metal atoms.
Physical interactions between elements can occur through forces like attraction and repulsion. Attractive forces include things like gravity and magnetism, while repulsive forces include things like electrical repulsion and nuclear force.
What are the periods on the periodic table?
The periods on the periodic table are the horizontal rows. There are 7 periods in total. The first period has 2 elements, hydrogen and helium. The second period has 8 elements, from lithium to neon. The third period has 8 elements as well, from sodium to argon. The fourth period contains 18 elements, from potassium to krypton. The fifth period has 18 elements too, from rubidium to xenon. The sixth period has 32 elements, from cesium to radon. And finally, the seventh and last period contains 32 elements as well, francium to oganesson.
The way in which the elements are arranged on the periodic table is based on their atomic number (the number of protons in an atom’s nucleus). Elements with similar properties are placed in the same column or group. For example, all of the alkali metals (group 1A) have one valence electron and tend to be very reactive.
What are the blocks on the periodic table?
The blocks on the periodic table are the divisions of elements based on their electron configuration. The s-block, p-block, d-block, and f-block are the four main blocks of elements. The s-block contains the alkali and alkaline earth metals, while the p-block contains the nonmetals. The d-block contains the transition metals, and the f-block contains the inner transition metals.
What are the trends on the elementary table?
The trends on the periodic table are the return of similar valence configurations at regular intervals. This means that elements with similar chemical properties will appear in the same column on the table.
The elements are arranged in groups and periods according to their valence configurations. This means that the elements within each group have similar chemical properties, and the elements in each period have similar physical properties.
The properties of each element are repeated periodically as you move down the table. This is due to the periodic law, which states that the properties of elements exhibit periodic recurrences.
The principle of increasing entropy
The principle of increasing entropy is one of the most important concepts in the study of thermodynamics. It states that as a system evolves, its entropy (a measure of disorder) will tend to increase. This principle helps to explain why the universe is gradually becoming more disordered and why life itself is such a rare event.
The principle of increasing entropy can be used to understand the origin of the periodic table. The elements are arranged in the periodic table according to their atomic numbers. The atomic number is a measure of the number of protons in an atom’s nucleus. Elements with higher atomic numbers have more protons and are thus more massive than those with lower atomic numbers.
As atoms become more massive, they also become more complex and tend to have higher entropies. Thus, the elements are arranged in the periodic table in order of increasing entropy. This arrangement helps to explain why some elements are much rarer than others; it also helps to explain why certain chemical reactions are not possible.”
Transition Metals vs. Main-Group Elements
There are two types of elements on the periodic table: transition metals and main-group elements. The main-group elements are the elements in groups 1, 2, and 13-18. The transition metals are the elements in groups 3-12.
The main-group elements are characterized by having low melting points, boiling points, and densities. They are also relatively nonreactive. The transition metals have higher melting points, boiling points, and densities than the main-group elements. They are also more reactive.
The reason for these differences is that the main-group elements have filled valence shells, whereas the transition metals have partially filled valence shells. The filling of valence shells makes the atoms more stable and less reactive.
The arrangement of the periodic table reflects these differences between the two types of element
What Are the Platinum Group Metals and Why Do They Matter
The platinum group metals (PGMs) are a set of six transition metals that include platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. These elements are often found together in nature and have very similar chemical properties.
PGMs are important for a variety of industrial applications. Platinum and palladium are used in catalytic converters to help reduce emissions from vehicles. Rhodium is used in electrical contacts and plating. Ruthenium is used in film resistors and other electronic components. Iridium is used in hardening alloys and spark plugs. Osmium is used as an alloying agent for steel production.
The PGMs are also important for investors because they are a major source of demand for precious metals. The majority of platinum and palladium demand comes from the automotive industry, while the majority of rhodium demand comes from the jewelry industry.
Platinum is the most common base metal of the group and is widely used in industrial applications. Platinum has a high melting point, temperature stability, corrosion resistant, and oxidation catalyst. It is also used in medicine for its anti-cancer properties
The platinum group metals (PGMs) are a set of six metallic elements that have similar chemical properties. These elements are platinum, palladium, rhodium, iridium, osmium, and platinum. Palladium is the most common of these metals and is used in jewelry, but it is not as popular as platinum. Palladium has a number of interesting uses in chemistry. For example, it is chemically stable and does not corrode easily in air or water.
Rhodium is a member of the platinum group metals, which are used in various industrial and consumer applications. Platinum group metals are so named because they share some common properties, including high resistance to corrosion and catalytic activity. Rhodium is used in vehicle emission control systems to reduce harmful emissions.
Iridium is the rarest of the PGMs, and it is also the most corrosion resistant. It is biologically compatible and has many medical applications. Platinum and iridium are used in many industries, including jewelry, automotive, aerospace, and chemical production.
Ruthenium is a member of the platinum group metals. These metals are alloys, meaning they are composed of more than one element. Ruthenium is alloyed with platinum and palladium because it makes these metals stronger and harder. This makes them better jewelry materials and also gives them resistance to corrosion.
Osmium is the densest and hardest of the group while platinum is the most common. Osmium is also an excellent conductor of electricity and has a number of commercial applications. Oxidation catalyst is one common application; in fuel cells for example, osmium can help to speed up the reaction between oxygen and hydrogen. Osmium is also used in forensic science to identify blood residue.
The PGMs, Transition Metals and Ormus
David Hudson made the discovery that the substance that had formed on his property included high quantities of precious metal elements in a “altered” state as a result of his research into the material that had formed there.
He conducted an analysis to determine the levels of palladium, osmium, ruthenium, and iridium that were present. The study showed that “precious metal elements,” many of which are classified as “platinum group elements,” can spontaneously create a “different” atomic state.
Because of their “central” location on the periodic table (being neither “metals” located on the far left nor “non-metals” located on the far right), these precious metal elements are referred to as “transitional” elements or “transition metals,” and this may in some way explain how it is that they can demonstrate anomalous behaviour such as accessing into a different atomic state.
For example, Cobalt, nickel, copper, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, gold, and mercury are the transition elements that have been identified as having the potential to produce an altered state.
David Hudson gave this distinct atomic state the name “high spin” state and established that these peculiar atomic forms are naturally forming. He also invented the term “high spin” state.
These components exhibit unexpected and anomalous properties that are connected to the changed state of the molecule. These materials are either monoatomic (one atom per molecule) or diatomic (two atoms per molecule), and they have the ability to form “microclusters” that include up to 200 or more atoms.
Monoatomic means that there is only one atom in each molecule. “Superconductivity,” “superfluidity,” “Josephson tunnelling,” and “magnetic levitation” are some of the unexpected properties that have been found.
It is these anomalous properties and the unassayable nature of the M State elements that makes one speculate whether Ormus could be the much fabled Elixir of Life that the ancient alchemists sought!